Mythology & Legends


Dr Panigrahi and scholars proved that the temple was originally a vaishnava shrine with narayana as the presiding deity. It came under influence of shaivism around the 7th century AD and viniteshwara (Mandaleshwara) became the presiding deity. Finally, during the rule of Chero kings, a powerful aboriginal tribe and worshippers of mother goddess, Mandaleshwari came to be worshipped as the main deity of the temple.

Thereby, the place is a holy union of vaishnava, shaiva and shakta sects which also indicates towards the sublime wisdom of its creators who tried for a co ordination among the inconsistencies prevailing those days between the religious sects.


Mundeshwari Bhawani is mainly famous as a centre point of pious reverence from centuries and attracting the hermits, accomplishers as well as occult practitioners with its mysterious incantation powers since the pre historic age.

Satvik, rajas and tams inclinations are evident in mother goddess worsh but goddess Mundeshwari is an accumulation of pious fidelity. There is no place for rajas and tamas worship here and whoever tries is severally punished by the goddess. Nobody dares to do so after the catastrophe of some strenuous persons who tried to establish vamachar here in the last decade.

The digambara (nude) idol of Mundeshwari riding on a buffalo is mahishashana epithet of goddess Durga who lives in south, is mistress of life and death and protects the vasti (pancreas) according to Durga Saptashati.

Mundeshwai temple is situated towards south of the gangetic valley where river Sone and its contributories, after running on hills, discharge water on plains. Excretion point is iota of explosion (sphot) according to tantra.

Panwara hill is triangular and down slopped towards east and temple is rare octagonal. The four faced shiv lingam, position in the centre of sanctum sanctoram on round base amidst quadrilateral arghas.

Triangle is symbol of energy and circle represents the universe in tantric beliefs. Energy is the base of existence. Octagonal is symbol of eight directions which indicates the expansion of energy waves all around. Bindu (point) is the nucleus of creation and is pran (life). Mundeshwari is existing since pre historic time as a live divine centre due to the continuous flow of this energy from its clandestine incantatory location, revealed eminent astrologer Pt Bagishwari Prasad Dwivedi.

Ancient sages and modern scientists have established that every place has special magnetic field. Varamula triangle is still a challenge before modern science.

But Indian vashtushastra decides the nature of a piece of land in proportionate of this magnetic energy. Land is sentient and full of inner oscillation.

Mundeshwari temple and hill are also sentient. Here fragranced an unique peace, not of a crematorium but of a pleasant sacred grove. The temple surrounded of divine simplicity is a pious land of meditation and contemlatation.


The bloodless sacrifice performed here is also an amazing aspect of worship. The goats brought here for sacrifice after fulfillment of manautis (desires), fall unconscious amidst chanting of mantras and showering of flowers and sacred rice by the priest. They regain consciousness as soon as the priest repeats the process and the sacrifice is completed thereby. This unique sacrifice adds to the divinity surrounding the deity. Another fascinating aspect is the four faced shivlingam. It has been made of a stone which changes colour with change in the direction of Sun from dawn to dusk. Some tourists and devotees stay here all day for witnessing these miracles.