ADHAURA HILLS—Residing unique natural beauty and Biggest wildlife sanctuary of the state - 30,000 year old rock paintings
Kaimur, established in 1991, was named after the Kaimur hill ranges spread over like a thrown on southern upper part of the district. Kaimur ranges, an off shoot of Vindhya Mountain Ranges, are famous for residing unique flora and fauna.
Mythological rivers Sone in south, Karmnasha in west and Durgawati in east form geographical boundary of the district.
Full of hills, valleys, rivers, waterfalls, beautiful sceneries of greenery all around, in Adhaura, Bhagwanpur, Rampur, Chainpur and Chand blocks, the district also habitats the biggest wildlife sanctuary of Bihar- Kaimur Wildlife Sanctuary.
With maximum 1134 square kilometer forest cover and 986 square kilometer sanctuary area in the state, Kaimur is the greenest district. Its district headquarters town Bhabua is called ‘Green City’ and got a place in record books after all the buildings had been painted green in 2014. Variety of wildlife including Royal Bengal Tiger, wild boar, deer, rabbit, sambhar, bear, porcupine, blue bull and several others including colourful species of local and migratory birds, add in the beauty of its forests.
Telhar Kund, Hathiadah, Karakat Garh, Panchgotiya and several small water falls on the plateau are blessings of nature. The 15,000-20,000 year old rock paintings found in 30 discovered rock shelters are valuable records of private and social life of aboriginal man and evident of the fact that the place was cradle of human civilization since primitive age. Here man entered in farming age from hunter and gatherer and developed the Sone Valley Civilization.
The existence of mythological rivers Karmanasha, Durgawati, pre historic Mundeshwari and Chandeshwari temples, Gupteshwar Mahadev cave temple also indicate that the district was the place of famous battle between Devatas led by Goddess Durga and daityas led by great warrior Mahishasura. Ashokan inscriptions found at two places- Masahin near Bhagwanpur and Basaha in Chand block where Lord Buddha spent nights during his first visit to Sarnath from Bodh Gaya for Dharmchakra Pravartan and idol of Jain Teerthankars near village Todi also say the historical importance of the place.
Existence of historical and archaeological evidences of man’s continuous inhabitation from 20,000 BC too present time is sufficient to believe that the Sone Valey Civilization originated and grown on Kaimur plateau, is among the oldest civilizations of the world. District administration under district magistrate Dr Nawal Kishor Chaudhary has accessed the great tourism potential of the unique natural, historical and cultural places and is working on a integrated plan of tourism development.